Posted on 2. August 2014

Polymorphic Workflow Activity Input Arguments

I often find myself creating 'utility' custom workflow activities that can be used on many different types of entity. One of the challenges with writing this kind of workflow activity is that InArguments can only accept a single type of entity (unlike activity regarding object fields).

The following code works well for accepting a reference to an account but if you want to accept account, contact or lead you'd need to create 3 input arguments. If you wanted to make the parameter accept a custom entity type that you don't know about when writing the workflow activity then you're stuck!

[Output("Document Location")]
[ReferenceTarget("account")]
public InArgument<EntityReference> EntityReference { get; set; }

There are a number of workarounds to this that I've tried over the years such as starting a child work flow and using the workflow activity context or creating an activity and using it's regarding object field – but I'd like to share with you the best approach I've found.

Dynamics CRM workflows and dialogs have a neat feature of being about to add Hyperlinks to records into emails/dialog responses etc. which is driven by a special attribute called 'Record Url(Dynamic)'

This field can be used also to provide all the information we need to pass an Entity Reference.

The sample I've provide is a simple Workflow Activity that accepts the Record Url and returns the Guid of the record as a string and the Entity Logical Name – this isn't much use on its own, but you'll be able to use the DynamicUrlParser.cs class in your own Workflow Activities.

[Input("Record Dynamic Url")]
[RequiredArgument]
public InArgument<string> RecordUrl { get; set; }
The DynamicUrlParser class can then be used as follows:

var entityReference = new DynamicUrlParser(RecordUrl.Get<string>(executionContext));
RecordGuid.Set(executionContext, entityReference.Id.ToString());
EntityLogicalName.Set(executionContext, entityReference.GetEntityLogicalName(service));

 

The full sample can be found in my MSDN Code Gallery.

@ScottDurow

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Scott Durow's Dynamics CRM Blog Scott Durow's Dynamics CRM Blog
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